© National Committee
on Pay Equity
 
 
 
Pay Equity Information
   
 
The Wage Gap Over Time:
In Real Dollars, Women See a Continuing Gap
   
 

Since the Equal Pay Act was signed in 1963, the wage gap has been closing at a very slow rate. In 1963, women who worked full-time, year-round made 59 cents on average for every dollar earned by men. In 2010, women earned 77 cents to men's dollar. That means that the wage gap has narrowed by less than half a cent per year!

Over the past 40 years, the real median earnings of women have fallen short by an estimated $700,000 to $2 million.

Economist Evelyn Murphy, president of The Wage Project, estimates that over a lifetime (47 years of full-time work) this gap amounts to a loss in wages for a woman of

  • $700,000 for a high school graduate
  • $1.2 million for a college graduate
  • $2 million for a professional school graduate.











The Wage Gap Over Time
Year    Women's     Men's       Dollar          Percent
            Earnings     Earnings    Difference
2013     $39,157     $50,033      $10,876      78.3%
2012     $37,791     $49,398      $11,607     76.5%
2011     $37,118     $48,202      $11,084      77.0%
2010     $36,931      $47,715      $10,784      77.4%
2009      $36,278      $47,127      $10,849      77.0%
2008      $35,745     $46,367      $10,622      77.1%
2007     $35,102      $45,113     $10,011      77.8%
2006     $32,515      $42,261      $9,476       76.9%
2005     $31,858      $41,386      $9,528        77.0%
2004*   $32,285     $42,160      $9,875        76.6%
2003     $30,724      $40,668      $9,944       75.5%
2002      $30,203      $39,429      $9,226      76.6%
2001      $29,215      $38,275      $9,060      76.3%
2000      $27,355      $37,339      $9,984      73.3%  
1999      $27,208      $37,701      $10,493    72.2%  
1998      $27,290      $37,296      $10,006     73.2%  
1997      $26,720      $36,030      $9,310      74.2%  
1996      $25,919      $35,138      $9,219      73.8%  
1995      $25,260      $35,365      $10,105     71.4%  
1994      $25,558      $35,513      $9,955      72.0%  
1993      $25,579      $35,765      $10,186     71.5%  
1992      $25,791      $36,436      $10,645     70.8%  
1991      $25,457      $36,440      $10,983     69.9%  
1990      $25,451      $35,538      $10,087     71.6%  
1989      $25,310      $36,855      $11,545     66.0%  
1988      $24,774      $37,509      $12,735     66.0%  
1987      $24,663      $37,389      $12,726     65.2%  
1986      $24,479      $38,088      $13,609     64.3%  
1985      $23,978      $37,131      $13,153     64.6%  
1984      $23,453      $36,842      $13,389     63.7%  
1983      $22,961      $36,106      $13,055     63.6%  
1982      $22,367      $36,224      $13,857     61.7%  
1981      $21,830      $36,854      $15,024     59.2%  
1980      $22,279      $37,033      $14,754     60.2%  
1979      $22,446      $37,622      $15,176     59.7%  
1978      $22,617      $38,051      $15,005     59.4%  
1977      $21,743      $36,901      $15,158     58.9%  
1976      $21,738      $36,114      $14,376    60.2%  
1975      $21,297      $36,207      $14,910    58.8%  
1974      $21,419      $36,456      $15,037    58.8%  
1973      $21,397      $37,381      $15,984    56.6%  
1972      $21,185      $36,614      $15,429    57.9%  
1971      $20,691      $34,771      $14,080    59.5%  
1970      $20,567      $34,642      $14,075    59.4%  
1969      $20,156      $34,241      $14,085    58.9%  
1968      $18,836      $32,389      $13,553    58.2%  
1967      $18,241      $31,568      $13,327    57.8%  
1966      $17,874      $31,055      $13,181    57.6%  
1965      $17,852      $29,791      $11,939    59.9%  
1964      $17,368      $29,362      $11,994    59.1%  
1963      $16,908      $28,684      $11,776   58.9%  
1962      $16,587      $27,972      $11,385    59.3%  
1961     $16,272      $27,463      $11,191     59.2%  
1960      $16,144      $26,608       $10,464    60.7%  

Note: Earnings in current and 2000 CPI-U-RS adjusted dollars.

* 2004 data revised to reflect a correction to the weights in the 2005 ASEC.

Source: Census Bureau reports and data, Current Population Reports, Median Earning of Workers 15 Years Old and Over by Work Experience and Sex.

Updated September 2014